The guide must be reviewed carefully by all researchers who will submit a study to the journal. The sources used in preparing these policies are stated at the end of the guide.



Intermedia International E-journal, which is an open access journal aware of the need for free and easy access to information to advance scientific studies, supports the initiative of open access to peer-reviewed journal literature included in the Budapest Open Access Declaration. Intermedia International E-journal presents all published articles free of charge in an environment that everyone can read and download. In this declaration, open access means that "scientific literature can be accessed, read, recorded, copied, printed, scanned, linked to full text, indexed, transferred to the software as data and used for any legal purpose via the Internet without financial, legal and technical barriers." Thinking of the role of knowledge sharing in the advancement of science, open access has remarkable importance for researchers and readers. Therefore, the articles in this journal can freely be used if the author and source are cited.  No permission is required from the authors or publishers. Articles in the journal are available across search engines, websites, blogs, and other digital platforms. These open-access policies, adopted on September 12, 2012, and adopted by the editorial board, can be accessed through Istanbul Commerce University, the publisher of the journal, does not charge any subscription fee, publication fee, or similar payment for access to electronic resources. 


Creative Commons


A Creative Commons license is a form of public copyright license that allows a copyrighted work or work to be distributed free of charge. When an author wishes to give the right to share or modify the work they have created for use, they use the CC license. Our journal deems the "Creative Commons Attribution License (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International CC BY-NC-ND)" for all published articles. This license permits other authors to use this work in their works if proper citation is given. Open access is an approach that reinforces interdisciplinary development and encourages collaboration between different disciplines. Therefore, JOURNAL contributes to its field by providing free access to its articles and a more transparent review process.



It is aimed that all stakeholders (author, editor, referee, publisher, and the reader), who produce a scientific study, contribute to the advancement of science. Compliance with scientific ethical principles is crucial in scientific studies prepared in line with this goal.


These ethical principles are prepared keeping in view the instruction prepared by COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics). We accepted these ethical principles. Adaptation of them by stakeholders is recommended. Some of them are listed below. 


Ethical Responsibilities of Authors


To be sure of the accuracy of the data related to the study, to keep the records of the research in order, and to be able to give access to data upon possible request.


Make sure that the article you submit has not been submitted for publication, published or accepted for publication elsewhere.


Ensure that all work involving human or animal subjects comply with national and international laws and guidelines (for example, WMA Declaration of Helsinki, NIH Policy on the Use of Laboratory Animals, EU Directive on the Use of Animals). Confirm that the necessary approvals had been gotten and show respect for subject privacy.


To indicate relevant ethical committee approvals and research details in the "Materials and Methods" section of the study.


In the event of any conflict of interest or detection of ethical violation, share with the editor and publisher, stating error, addendum, indemnity statement, or withdrawing the work when necessary before the publication.


"Ethics Committee Approval" must be received for the articles submitted to the journal since 2021, and this approval must be stated and documented in it.


Studies requiring Ethics Committee Permission;


- Any kind of research requires data collection from participants with qualitative or quantitative approaches (questionnaire, interview, focus group study, observation, experiment, interview techniques, etc.)

- Clinical trials on humans and/or animals

- Retrospective studies following the Law on Protection of Personal Data and Protection of Personal Privacy.


* Information regarding the permission of the ethics committee (board name, date, and contact details) must be presented in the "Supplementary File" prepared as "Author Information."


* In phenomenon presentations,  the information that the informed consent form was signed must be given in the article.


Retrospective ethics committee approval is not required for articles that have used research data before 2020, produced from master's / doctoral studies (should be stated in the article), submitted a publication application to the journal before 2020, accepted but not yet published.


Editors' Ethical Duties and Responsibilities


Acting in a balanced, objective, and fair manner in carrying out their duties without discrimination on gender, religious or political beliefs, authors' ethnic or geographical origin.

To evaluate the articles submitted to the journal according to their content, not to show any privileges to any author.

To take necessary measures to prevent potential conflicts of interest and to evaluate existing statements, if any.

To treat sponsored studies or studies on special topics in the same way as other studies,

In case of a complaint of ethical violation, follow the necessary procedures by adhering to the policies and procedures of the journal. To allow the authors to respond to the complaint and not to avoid applying the necessary sanctions regardless of who the work belongs to.

To reject the incoming work if it is not suitable for the journal's purpose and scope.


Ethical Responsibilities of Referees

To review the article objectively on time to contribute to the editor's decision-making process and to agree to evaluate only the studies related to the area of expertise.

To make the evaluation objectively only about the content of the study. To evaluate working without considering religious, political, and economic interests.

To provide guidance that will help to increase the quality of the article to be published and to examine the work meticulously. To convey editorial comments to the author in constructive and courteous language.

To protect the confidentiality of the information provided by the editor and the author, to destroy the study after the evaluation process due to the principle of confidentiality, to notify the editor if there is a situation against blind refereeing and not to evaluate the work.

To be aware of potential conflicts of interest (financial, institutional, collaborative, or other relationships between author and editor) and, if necessary, to alert the editor to withdraw their assistance for this article.


Publisher's Ethical Responsibilities

Among the stakeholders involved in a scientific study, the publisher must act within the scope of all these ethical principles.

The publisher is obliged to use its communication power without any individual benefit and to direct its target audience correctly.

It protects the open access policies of every published work and undertakes the duty of archiving every published product.

People should not hesitate to contact the publisher when faced with an unethical situation.


Some of the actions considered to be against scientific research and publication ethics:

• Plagiarism: producing others' original ideas, methods, data, or works as their work, partially or completely, without referring to scientific rules of intext citations.

• Forgery: Using data that does not exist or has been falsified in scientific research.

• Distortion: Falsifying the research records or data obtained, showing the devices or materials not used in the research as being used, falsifying or shaping the results of the research in line with the interests of the people and organizations,

• Republishing: To present repetitive publications as separate publications for academic appointments and promotions,

• Slicing: To present these publications as separate publications in academic appointments and promotions by breaking the results of research into pieces in a way that disrupts the integrity of the research and inappropriately and publishing in more than one issue,

• Unfair authorship: Including people who have no active contribution among the authors or not including those who are, changing the author's order in an unjustified and inappropriate manner, removing the names of those who have an active contribution from the work in subsequent editions, including their names among the authors by using their influence even though they have no active contribution,

• Not specifying the supporting persons, institutions, or organizations and their contributions in the publications made as a result of researches conducted with support,

• Using thesis or studies that have not been submitted yet or have not been accepted as a source without the permission of the owner,

• Failing to comply with ethical rules in research conducted on humans and animals, not respecting patients' rights in their publications, harming animal health and ecological balance, not obtaining necessary permissions,

• Misusing resources, spaces, facilities, and devices provided or allocated for scientific research,

• Making false or misleading statements regarding scientific research and publications in academic appointments and promotions.


Plagiarism POLICY

Plagiarism is an ethical violation regardless of whether it is intended or unintended. It is a crime and unacceptable to be similar to the studies without reference to other sources and publishing them as such, beyond being unethical. 

The Editorial Board can act following COPE rules against allegations and suspicions of plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data fraud related to the articles submitted to the journal.

While the articles are submitted to the journal, the Plagiarism Report must be uploaded to the system at the application stage. To initiate the evaluation process of the article, the similarity rate can be at most 20% in the plagiarism report received by iThenticate, Turnitin, or another program. When necessary, journal management can check the article for plagiarism. An article that does not meet the relevant criteria can be "returned to the author for correction" or "returned to the author."

Articles returned for correction must be uploaded to the system within 15 days after correction.

When getting a similarity report, the filtering options must comply with the following criteria.

-Except for Bibliography (Bibliography excluded)

-Excluding quotes (Quotes excluded)

-Except for parts of a text containing less than five words overlap (Limit match size to five words)

- Other filtering options available in the program menu are not included in the reporting.

- The report should be saved as a ".pdf" extension.



Studies submitted to our Journal for publication must have the quality of original work that has not been published in any way before or sent to be published elsewhere. When submitting their work, individuals are obliged to declare that the work has not been published on any other platform before, in whole or in part, and that they have not evaluated for publication. In case of a contrary situation, the author will be held responsible by the relevant sanctions.


Authors agree to waive the copyright of their work and must transfer the copyright of their work to the INSTITUTION together with the submission for evaluation. The transfer becomes binding upon the acceptance of the article for publication. No part of the printed material can be used elsewhere without the written permission of the publisher.


The publication processes of the journal are kept in consideration fo the guidelines provied in the International Board of Medical Journals (ICMJE), the World Medical Editors Association (WAME), the Council of Science Editors (CSE), the Publication Ethics Board (COPE), the European Association of Science Editors (EASE) and the National Information Standards organization (NISO). 


The authors have all rights including patents, copyrights, the right to reproduce the work for their purposes provided that they will cite the sources as per citations guidelines. The right to use all or part of the work in the author's books as per the policies of open access journsls.  The authors can upload the word on their personal websites provided that the work credential is specified, or the university will also keep all the published work as an open source and open access,wihtout any copy rights right in its open archive.

When using previously published content, including ancillary images, tables, or any other content in print or electronic format, authors must obtain permission if so required form the original source and give citation of the work appropriatey The legal, financial and criminal responsibility in this matter belongs to the authors.

Authors who will submit work to our journal must fill in the "Copyright and Author Agreement Form" document. The author (s) must sign the filled form with a wet signature. The signed form must be scanned and sent to the Journal at the first application by e-mail.



Situations that provide economic or personal benefits create a conflict of interest. Reliability of scientific process and published articles; is directly related to objectively handling conflicts of interest during the planning, implementation, writing, evaluation, editing, and publication of the scientific study. Financial relationships are the most easily identifiable conflicts of interest, and it is inevitable to damage the credibility of the journal, authors, and science. These conflicts can be produced by individual relationships, academic competition, or intellectual approaches. Authors are responsible for restricting access to all data or analyzing, interpreting, preparing articles, publishing, etc. As far as possible, authors should avoid entering into agreements with sponsors, both for-profit and nonprofit, that interfere with their abilities. To prevent conflicts of interest, editors should also avoid bringing together people who may have any relationship during the evaluation of the study. Editors who make the final decision about the articles should also have no personal, professional, or financial ties with any of the topics they will decide for publication. Individuals should inform the editorial board of possible conflicts of interest so that articles can be evaluated within the framework of ethical principles, and an independent process must be conducted. Our editorial board works devotedly to ensure that the evaluation process is directed impartially, considering all these situations. 

Resources utilized in the process of preparing and adopting policies: Budapest Open Access Statement 

ICMJE (International Committee Of Medical Journal Editors)

Creative Commons COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) 

Education and Science Journal Publication Policies 

DOAJ Principles Of Transparency And Best Practice In Scholarly Publishing, Version 3

YÖK Scientific Research and Publication Ethics Directive